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/*
 * device_cgroup.c - device cgroup subsystem
 *
 * Copyright 2007 IBM Corp
 */

#include <linux/device_cgroup.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#define ACC_MKNOD 1
#define ACC_READ  2
#define ACC_WRITE 4
#define ACC_MASK (ACC_MKNOD | ACC_READ | ACC_WRITE)

#define DEV_BLOCK 1
#define DEV_CHAR  2
#define DEV_ALL   4  /* this represents all devices */

static DEFINE_MUTEX(devcgroup_mutex);

/*
 * exception list locking rules:
 * hold devcgroup_mutex for update/read.
 * hold rcu_read_lock() for read.
 */

struct dev_exception_item {
	u32 major, minor;
	short type;
	short access;
	struct list_head list;
	struct rcu_head rcu;
};

struct dev_cgroup {
	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
	struct list_head exceptions;
	enum {
		DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW,
		DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY,
	} behavior;
};

static inline struct dev_cgroup *css_to_devcgroup(struct cgroup_subsys_state *s)
{
	return container_of(s, struct dev_cgroup, css);
}

static inline struct dev_cgroup *cgroup_to_devcgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
	return css_to_devcgroup(cgroup_subsys_state(cgroup, devices_subsys_id));
}

static inline struct dev_cgroup *task_devcgroup(struct task_struct *task)
{
	return css_to_devcgroup(task_subsys_state(task, devices_subsys_id));
}

struct cgroup_subsys devices_subsys;

static int devcgroup_can_attach(struct cgroup *new_cgrp,
				struct cgroup_taskset *set)
{
	struct task_struct *task = cgroup_taskset_first(set);

	if (current != task && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * called under devcgroup_mutex
 */
static int dev_exceptions_copy(struct list_head *dest, struct list_head *orig)
{
	struct dev_exception_item *ex, *tmp, *new;

	lockdep_assert_held(&devcgroup_mutex);

	list_for_each_entry(ex, orig, list) {
		new = kmemdup(ex, sizeof(*ex), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!new)
			goto free_and_exit;
		list_add_tail(&new->list, dest);
	}

	return 0;

free_and_exit:
	list_for_each_entry_safe(ex, tmp, dest, list) {
		list_del(&ex->list);
		kfree(ex);
	}
	return -ENOMEM;
}

/*
 * called under devcgroup_mutex
 */
static int dev_exception_add(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup,
			     struct dev_exception_item *ex)
{
	struct dev_exception_item *excopy, *walk;

	lockdep_assert_held(&devcgroup_mutex);

	excopy = kmemdup(ex, sizeof(*ex), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!excopy)
		return -ENOMEM;

	list_for_each_entry(walk, &dev_cgroup->exceptions, list) {
		if (walk->type != ex->type)
			continue;
		if (walk->major != ex->major)
			continue;
		if (walk->minor != ex->minor)
			continue;

		walk->access |= ex->access;
		kfree(excopy);
		excopy = NULL;
	}

	if (excopy != NULL)
		list_add_tail_rcu(&excopy->list, &dev_cgroup->exceptions);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * called under devcgroup_mutex
 */
static void dev_exception_rm(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup,
			     struct dev_exception_item *ex)
{
	struct dev_exception_item *walk, *tmp;

	lockdep_assert_held(&devcgroup_mutex);

	list_for_each_entry_safe(walk, tmp, &dev_cgroup->exceptions, list) {
		if (walk->type != ex->type)
			continue;
		if (walk->major != ex->major)
			continue;
		if (walk->minor != ex->minor)
			continue;

		walk->access &= ~ex->access;
		if (!walk->access) {
			list_del_rcu(&walk->list);
			kfree_rcu(walk, rcu);
		}
	}
}

/**
 * dev_exception_clean - frees all entries of the exception list
 * @dev_cgroup: dev_cgroup with the exception list to be cleaned
 *
 * called under devcgroup_mutex
 */
static void dev_exception_clean(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup)
{
	struct dev_exception_item *ex, *tmp;

	lockdep_assert_held(&devcgroup_mutex);

	list_for_each_entry_safe(ex, tmp, &dev_cgroup->exceptions, list) {
		list_del_rcu(&ex->list);
		kfree_rcu(ex, rcu);
	}
}

/*
 * called from kernel/cgroup.c with cgroup_lock() held.
 */
static struct cgroup_subsys_state *devcgroup_css_alloc(struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
	struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup, *parent_dev_cgroup;
	struct cgroup *parent_cgroup;
	int ret;

	dev_cgroup = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev_cgroup), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev_cgroup)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev_cgroup->exceptions);
	parent_cgroup = cgroup->parent;

	if (parent_cgroup == NULL)
		dev_cgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW;
	else {
		parent_dev_cgroup = cgroup_to_devcgroup(parent_cgroup);
		mutex_lock(&devcgroup_mutex);
		ret = dev_exceptions_copy(&dev_cgroup->exceptions,
					  &parent_dev_cgroup->exceptions);
		dev_cgroup->behavior = parent_dev_cgroup->behavior;
		mutex_unlock(&devcgroup_mutex);
		if (ret) {
			kfree(dev_cgroup);
			return ERR_PTR(ret);
		}
	}

	return &dev_cgroup->css;
}

static void devcgroup_css_free(struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
	struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup;

	dev_cgroup = cgroup_to_devcgroup(cgroup);
	mutex_lock(&devcgroup_mutex);
	dev_exception_clean(dev_cgroup);
	mutex_unlock(&devcgroup_mutex);
	kfree(dev_cgroup);
}

#define DEVCG_ALLOW 1
#define DEVCG_DENY 2
#define DEVCG_LIST 3

#define MAJMINLEN 13
#define ACCLEN 4

static void set_access(char *acc, short access)
{
	int idx = 0;
	memset(acc, 0, ACCLEN);
	if (access & ACC_READ)
		acc[idx++] = 'r';
	if (access & ACC_WRITE)
		acc[idx++] = 'w';
	if (access & ACC_MKNOD)
		acc[idx++] = 'm';
}

static char type_to_char(short type)
{
	if (type == DEV_ALL)
		return 'a';
	if (type == DEV_CHAR)
		return 'c';
	if (type == DEV_BLOCK)
		return 'b';
	return 'X';
}

static void set_majmin(char *str, unsigned m)
{
	if (m == ~0)
		strcpy(str, "*");
	else
		sprintf(str, "%u", m);
}

static int devcgroup_seq_read(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
				struct seq_file *m)
{
	struct dev_cgroup *devcgroup = cgroup_to_devcgroup(cgroup);
	struct dev_exception_item *ex;
	char maj[MAJMINLEN], min[MAJMINLEN], acc[ACCLEN];

	rcu_read_lock();
	/*
	 * To preserve the compatibility:
	 * - Only show the "all devices" when the default policy is to allow
	 * - List the exceptions in case the default policy is to deny
	 * This way, the file remains as a "whitelist of devices"
	 */
	if (devcgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW) {
		set_access(acc, ACC_MASK);
		set_majmin(maj, ~0);
		set_majmin(min, ~0);
		seq_printf(m, "%c %s:%s %s\n", type_to_char(DEV_ALL),
			   maj, min, acc);
	} else {
		list_for_each_entry_rcu(ex, &devcgroup->exceptions, list) {
			set_access(acc, ex->access);
			set_majmin(maj, ex->major);
			set_majmin(min, ex->minor);
			seq_printf(m, "%c %s:%s %s\n", type_to_char(ex->type),
				   maj, min, acc);
		}
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();

	return 0;
}

/**
 * may_access - verifies if a new exception is part of what is allowed
 *		by a dev cgroup based on the default policy +
 *		exceptions. This is used to make sure a child cgroup
 *		won't have more privileges than its parent or to
 *		verify if a certain access is allowed.
 * @dev_cgroup: dev cgroup to be tested against
 * @refex: new exception
 */
static int may_access(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup,
		      struct dev_exception_item *refex)
{
	struct dev_exception_item *ex;
	bool match = false;

	rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_held() ||
			   lockdep_is_held(&devcgroup_mutex),
			   "device_cgroup::may_access() called without proper synchronization");

	list_for_each_entry_rcu(ex, &dev_cgroup->exceptions, list) {
		if ((refex->type & DEV_BLOCK) && !(ex->type & DEV_BLOCK))
			continue;
		if ((refex->type & DEV_CHAR) && !(ex->type & DEV_CHAR))
			continue;
		if (ex->major != ~0 && ex->major != refex->major)
			continue;
		if (ex->minor != ~0 && ex->minor != refex->minor)
			continue;
		if (refex->access & (~ex->access))
			continue;
		match = true;
		break;
	}

	/*
	 * In two cases we'll consider this new exception valid:
	 * - the dev cgroup has its default policy to allow + exception list:
	 *   the new exception should *not* match any of the exceptions
	 *   (behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW, !match)
	 * - the dev cgroup has its default policy to deny + exception list:
	 *   the new exception *should* match the exceptions
	 *   (behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY, match)
	 */
	if ((dev_cgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY) == match)
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * parent_has_perm:
 * when adding a new allow rule to a device exception list, the rule
 * must be allowed in the parent device
 */
static int parent_has_perm(struct dev_cgroup *childcg,
				  struct dev_exception_item *ex)
{
	struct cgroup *pcg = childcg->css.cgroup->parent;
	struct dev_cgroup *parent;

	if (!pcg)
		return 1;
	parent = cgroup_to_devcgroup(pcg);
	return may_access(parent, ex);
}

/**
 * may_allow_all - checks if it's possible to change the behavior to
 *		   allow based on parent's rules.
 * @parent: device cgroup's parent
 * returns: != 0 in case it's allowed, 0 otherwise
 */
static inline int may_allow_all(struct dev_cgroup *parent)
{
	if (!parent)
		return 1;
	return parent->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW;
}

/*
 * Modify the exception list using allow/deny rules.
 * CAP_SYS_ADMIN is needed for this.  It's at least separate from CAP_MKNOD
 * so we can give a container CAP_MKNOD to let it create devices but not
 * modify the exception list.
 * It seems likely we'll want to add a CAP_CONTAINER capability to allow
 * us to also grant CAP_SYS_ADMIN to containers without giving away the
 * device exception list controls, but for now we'll stick with CAP_SYS_ADMIN
 *
 * Taking rules away is always allowed (given CAP_SYS_ADMIN).  Granting
 * new access is only allowed if you're in the top-level cgroup, or your
 * parent cgroup has the access you're asking for.
 */
static int devcgroup_update_access(struct dev_cgroup *devcgroup,
				   int filetype, const char *buffer)
{
	const char *b;
	char temp[12];		/* 11 + 1 characters needed for a u32 */
	int count, rc;
	struct dev_exception_item ex;
	struct cgroup *p = devcgroup->css.cgroup;
	struct dev_cgroup *parent = NULL;

	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	if (p->parent)
		parent = cgroup_to_devcgroup(p->parent);

	memset(&ex, 0, sizeof(ex));
	b = buffer;

	switch (*b) {
	case 'a':
		switch (filetype) {
		case DEVCG_ALLOW:
			if (!may_allow_all(parent))
				return -EPERM;
			dev_exception_clean(devcgroup);
			devcgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW;
			if (!parent)
				break;

			rc = dev_exceptions_copy(&devcgroup->exceptions,
						 &parent->exceptions);
			if (rc)
				return rc;
			break;
		case DEVCG_DENY:
			dev_exception_clean(devcgroup);
			devcgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY;
			break;
		default:
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		return 0;
	case 'b':
		ex.type = DEV_BLOCK;
		break;
	case 'c':
		ex.type = DEV_CHAR;
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	b++;
	if (!isspace(*b))
		return -EINVAL;
	b++;
	if (*b == '*') {
		ex.major = ~0;
		b++;
	} else if (isdigit(*b)) {
		memset(temp, 0, sizeof(temp));
		for (count = 0; count < sizeof(temp) - 1; count++) {
			temp[count] = *b;
			b++;
			if (!isdigit(*b))
				break;
		}
		rc = kstrtou32(temp, 10, &ex.major);
		if (rc)
			return -EINVAL;
	} else {
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (*b != ':')
		return -EINVAL;
	b++;

	/* read minor */
	if (*b == '*') {
		ex.minor = ~0;
		b++;
	} else if (isdigit(*b)) {
		memset(temp, 0, sizeof(temp));
		for (count = 0; count < sizeof(temp) - 1; count++) {
			temp[count] = *b;
			b++;
			if (!isdigit(*b))
				break;
		}
		rc = kstrtou32(temp, 10, &ex.minor);
		if (rc)
			return -EINVAL;
	} else {
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (!isspace(*b))
		return -EINVAL;
	for (b++, count = 0; count < 3; count++, b++) {
		switch (*b) {
		case 'r':
			ex.access |= ACC_READ;
			break;
		case 'w':
			ex.access |= ACC_WRITE;
			break;
		case 'm':
			ex.access |= ACC_MKNOD;
			break;
		case '\n':
		case '\0':
			count = 3;
			break;
		default:
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	}

	switch (filetype) {
	case DEVCG_ALLOW:
		if (!parent_has_perm(devcgroup, &ex))
			return -EPERM;
		/*
		 * If the default policy is to allow by default, try to remove
		 * an matching exception instead. And be silent about it: we
		 * don't want to break compatibility
		 */
		if (devcgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW) {
			dev_exception_rm(devcgroup, &ex);
			return 0;
		}
		return dev_exception_add(devcgroup, &ex);
	case DEVCG_DENY:
		/*
		 * If the default policy is to deny by default, try to remove
		 * an matching exception instead. And be silent about it: we
		 * don't want to break compatibility
		 */
		if (devcgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY) {
			dev_exception_rm(devcgroup, &ex);
			return 0;
		}
		return dev_exception_add(devcgroup, &ex);
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int devcgroup_access_write(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft,
				  const char *buffer)
{
	int retval;

	mutex_lock(&devcgroup_mutex);
	retval = devcgroup_update_access(cgroup_to_devcgroup(cgrp),
					 cft->private, buffer);
	mutex_unlock(&devcgroup_mutex);
	return retval;
}

static struct cftype dev_cgroup_files[] = {
	{
		.name = "allow",
		.write_string  = devcgroup_access_write,
		.private = DEVCG_ALLOW,
	},
	{
		.name = "deny",
		.write_string = devcgroup_access_write,
		.private = DEVCG_DENY,
	},
	{
		.name = "list",
		.read_seq_string = devcgroup_seq_read,
		.private = DEVCG_LIST,
	},
	{ }	/* terminate */
};

struct cgroup_subsys devices_subsys = {
	.name = "devices",
	.can_attach = devcgroup_can_attach,
	.css_alloc = devcgroup_css_alloc,
	.css_free = devcgroup_css_free,
	.subsys_id = devices_subsys_id,
	.base_cftypes = dev_cgroup_files,

	/*
	 * While devices cgroup has the rudimentary hierarchy support which
	 * checks the parent's restriction, it doesn't properly propagates
	 * config changes in ancestors to their descendents.  A child
	 * should only be allowed to add more restrictions to the parent's
	 * configuration.  Fix it and remove the following.
	 */
	.broken_hierarchy = true,
};

/**
 * __devcgroup_check_permission - checks if an inode operation is permitted
 * @dev_cgroup: the dev cgroup to be tested against
 * @type: device type
 * @major: device major number
 * @minor: device minor number
 * @access: combination of ACC_WRITE, ACC_READ and ACC_MKNOD
 *
 * returns 0 on success, -EPERM case the operation is not permitted
 */
static int __devcgroup_check_permission(short type, u32 major, u32 minor,
				        short access)
{
	struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup;
	struct dev_exception_item ex;
	int rc;

	memset(&ex, 0, sizeof(ex));
	ex.type = type;
	ex.major = major;
	ex.minor = minor;
	ex.access = access;

	rcu_read_lock();
	dev_cgroup = task_devcgroup(current);
	rc = may_access(dev_cgroup, &ex);
	rcu_read_unlock();

	if (!rc)
		return -EPERM;

	return 0;
}

int __devcgroup_inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask)
{
	short type, access = 0;

	if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode))
		type = DEV_BLOCK;
	if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode))
		type = DEV_CHAR;
	if (mask & MAY_WRITE)
		access |= ACC_WRITE;
	if (mask & MAY_READ)
		access |= ACC_READ;

	return __devcgroup_check_permission(type, imajor(inode), iminor(inode),
			access);
}

int devcgroup_inode_mknod(int mode, dev_t dev)
{
	short type;

	if (!S_ISBLK(mode) && !S_ISCHR(mode))
		return 0;

	if (S_ISBLK(mode))
		type = DEV_BLOCK;
	else
		type = DEV_CHAR;

	return __devcgroup_check_permission(type, MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev),
			ACC_MKNOD);

}