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authorLinus Torvalds2005-04-16 17:20:36 -0500
committerLinus Torvalds2005-04-16 17:20:36 -0500
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /COPYING
downloadkernel-common-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.tar.gz
kernel-common-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.tar.xz
kernel-common-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.zip
Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
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1
2 NOTE! This copyright does *not* cover user programs that use kernel
3 services by normal system calls - this is merely considered normal use
4 of the kernel, and does *not* fall under the heading of "derived work".
5 Also note that the GPL below is copyrighted by the Free Software
6 Foundation, but the instance of code that it refers to (the Linux
7 kernel) is copyrighted by me and others who actually wrote it.
8
9 Also note that the only valid version of the GPL as far as the kernel
10 is concerned is _this_ particular version of the license (ie v2, not
11 v2.2 or v3.x or whatever), unless explicitly otherwise stated.
12
13 Linus Torvalds
14
15----------------------------------------
16
17 GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
18 Version 2, June 1991
19
20 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
21 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
22 Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
23 of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
24
25 Preamble
26
27 The licenses for most software are designed to take away your
28freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public
29License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free
30software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This
31General Public License applies to most of the Free Software
32Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to
33using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by
34the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to
35your programs, too.
36
37 When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
38price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you
39have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for
40this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it
41if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it
42in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.
43
44 To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid
45anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights.
46These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you
47distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.
48
49 For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether
50gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that
51you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the
52source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their
53rights.
54
55 We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and
56(2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy,
57distribute and/or modify the software.
58
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60that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free
61software. If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we
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65
66 Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software
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72 The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
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74
75 GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
76 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
77
78 0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains
79a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed
80under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below,
81refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program"
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86the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you".
87
88Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not
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92Program (independent of having been made by running the Program).
93Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
94
95 1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's
96source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you
97conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate
98copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the
99notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty;
100and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License
101along with the Program.
102
103You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and
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105
106 2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion
107of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and
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111 a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices
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113
114 b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in
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118
119 c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively
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123 notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide
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125 these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this
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129
130These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If
131identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Program,
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134sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you
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139
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145In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program
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149
150 3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it,
151under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the terms of
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154 a) Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable
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187
188 4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program
189except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt
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191void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License.
192However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under
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195
196 5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not
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203the Program or works based on it.
204
205 6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the
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212
213 7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent
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226If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under
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230
231It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any
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239to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot
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241
242This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to
243be a consequence of the rest of this License.
244
245 8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in
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252
253 9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions
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256address new problems or concerns.
257
258Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program
259specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any
260later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions
261either of that version or of any later version published by the Free
262Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of
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264Foundation.
265
266 10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free
267programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author
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272of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally.
273
274 NO WARRANTY
275
276 11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY
277FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
278OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES
279PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED
280OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
281MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS
282TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE
283PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING,
284REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
285
286 12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
287WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR
288REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES,
289INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING
290OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
291TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY
292YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER
293PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
294POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
295
296 END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
297
298 How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
299
300 If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
301possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
302free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
303
304 To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest
305to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
306convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
307the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
308
309 <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
310 Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
311
312 This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
313 it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
314 the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
315 (at your option) any later version.
316
317 This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
318 but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
319 MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
320 GNU General Public License for more details.
321
322 You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
323 along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
324 Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
325
326
327Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
328
329If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this
330when it starts in an interactive mode:
331
332 Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author
333 Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
334 This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
335 under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
336
337The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate
338parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may
339be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be
340mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.
341
342You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your
343school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if
344necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
345
346 Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
347 `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.
348
349 <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
350 Ty Coon, President of Vice
351
352This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into
353proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may
354consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the
355library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General
356Public License instead of this License.