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/* xf86drmSL.c -- Skip list support
 * Created: Mon May 10 09:28:13 1999 by faith@precisioninsight.com
 *
 * Copyright 1999 Precision Insight, Inc., Cedar Park, Texas.
 * All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
 * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
 * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
 * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 * 
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next
 * paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
 * Software.
 * 
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * PRECISION INSIGHT AND/OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR
 * OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
 * ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
 * DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
 * 
 * Authors: Rickard E. (Rik) Faith <faith@valinux.com>
 *
 * $XFree86: xc/programs/Xserver/hw/xfree86/os-support/linux/drm/xf86drmSL.c,v 1.3 2000/06/17 00:03:34 martin Exp $
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *
 * This file contains a straightforward skip list implementation.n
 *
 * FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS
 *
 * REFERENCES
 *
 * [Pugh90] William Pugh.  Skip Lists: A Probabilistic Alternative to
 * Balanced Trees. CACM 33(6), June 1990, pp. 668-676.
 *
 */

#define SL_MAIN 0

#if SL_MAIN
# include <stdio.h>
# include <stdlib.h>
#  include <sys/time.h>
#else
# include "drm.h"
# include "xf86drm.h"
# ifdef XFree86LOADER
#  include "xf86.h"
#  include "xf86_ansic.h"
# else
#  include <stdio.h>
#  include <stdlib.h>
# endif
#endif

#define N(x)  drm##x

#define SL_LIST_MAGIC  0xfacade00LU
#define SL_ENTRY_MAGIC 0x00fab1edLU
#define SL_FREED_MAGIC 0xdecea5edLU
#define SL_MAX_LEVEL   16
#define SL_DEBUG       0
#define SL_RANDOM_SEED 0xc01055a1LU

#if SL_MAIN
#define SL_ALLOC malloc
#define SL_FREE  free
#define SL_RANDOM_DECL        static int state = 0;
#define SL_RANDOM_INIT(seed)  if (!state) { srandom(seed); ++state; }
#define SL_RANDOM             random()
#else
#define SL_ALLOC drmMalloc
#define SL_FREE  drmFree
#define SL_RANDOM_DECL        static void *state = NULL
#define SL_RANDOM_INIT(seed)  if (!state) state = drmRandomCreate(seed)
#define SL_RANDOM             drmRandom(state)

#endif

typedef struct SLEntry {
    unsigned long     magic;	   /* SL_ENTRY_MAGIC */
    unsigned long     key;
    void              *value;
    int               levels;
    struct SLEntry    *forward[1]; /* variable sized array */
} SLEntry, *SLEntryPtr;

typedef struct SkipList {
    unsigned long    magic;	/* SL_LIST_MAGIC */
    int              level;
    int              count;
    SLEntryPtr       head;
    SLEntryPtr       p0;	/* Position for iteration */
} SkipList, *SkipListPtr;

#if SL_MAIN
extern void *N(SLCreate)(void);
extern int  N(SLDestroy)(void *l);
extern int  N(SLLookup)(void *l, unsigned long key, void **value);
extern int  N(SLInsert)(void *l, unsigned long key, void *value);
extern int  N(SLDelete)(void *l, unsigned long key);
extern int  N(SLNext)(void *l, unsigned long *key, void **value);
extern int  N(SLFirst)(void *l, unsigned long *key, void **value);
extern void N(SLDump)(void *l);
extern int  N(SLLookupNeighbors)(void *l, unsigned long key,
				 unsigned long *prev_key, void **prev_value,
				 unsigned long *next_key, void **next_value);
#endif

static SLEntryPtr SLCreateEntry(int max_level, unsigned long key, void *value)
{
    SLEntryPtr entry;
    
    if (max_level < 0 || max_level > SL_MAX_LEVEL) max_level = SL_MAX_LEVEL;

    entry         = SL_ALLOC(sizeof(*entry)
			     + (max_level + 1) * sizeof(entry->forward[0]));
    if (!entry) return NULL;
    entry->magic  = SL_ENTRY_MAGIC;
    entry->key    = key;
    entry->value  = value;
    entry->levels = max_level + 1;

    return entry;
}

static int SLRandomLevel(void)
{
    int level = 1;
    SL_RANDOM_DECL;

    SL_RANDOM_INIT(SL_RANDOM_SEED);
    
    while ((SL_RANDOM & 0x01) && level < SL_MAX_LEVEL) ++level;
    return level;
}

void *N(SLCreate)(void)
{
    SkipListPtr  list;
    int          i;

    list           = SL_ALLOC(sizeof(*list));
    if (!list) return NULL;
    list->magic    = SL_LIST_MAGIC;
    list->level    = 0;
    list->head     = SLCreateEntry(SL_MAX_LEVEL, 0, NULL);
    list->count    = 0;

    for (i = 0; i <= SL_MAX_LEVEL; i++) list->head->forward[i] = NULL;
    
    return list;
}

int N(SLDestroy)(void *l)
{
    SkipListPtr   list  = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    entry;
    SLEntryPtr    next;

    if (list->magic != SL_LIST_MAGIC) return -1; /* Bad magic */

    for (entry = list->head; entry; entry = next) {
	if (entry->magic != SL_ENTRY_MAGIC) return -1; /* Bad magic */
	next         = entry->forward[0];
	entry->magic = SL_FREED_MAGIC;
	SL_FREE(entry);
    }

    list->magic = SL_FREED_MAGIC;
    SL_FREE(list);
    return 0;
}

static SLEntryPtr SLLocate(void *l, unsigned long key, SLEntryPtr *update)
{
    SkipListPtr   list  = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    entry;
    int           i;

    if (list->magic != SL_LIST_MAGIC) return NULL;

    for (i = list->level, entry = list->head; i >= 0; i--) {
	while (entry->forward[i] && entry->forward[i]->key < key)
	    entry = entry->forward[i];
	update[i] = entry;
    }

    return entry->forward[0];
}

int N(SLInsert)(void *l, unsigned long key, void *value)
{
    SkipListPtr   list  = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    entry;
    SLEntryPtr    update[SL_MAX_LEVEL + 1];
    int           level;
    int           i;

    if (list->magic != SL_LIST_MAGIC) return -1; /* Bad magic */

    entry = SLLocate(list, key, update);

    if (entry && entry->key == key) return 1; /* Already in list */


    level = SLRandomLevel();
    if (level > list->level) {
	level = ++list->level;
	update[level] = list->head;
    }

    entry = SLCreateEntry(level, key, value);

				/* Fix up forward pointers */
    for (i = 0; i <= level; i++) {
	entry->forward[i]     = update[i]->forward[i];
	update[i]->forward[i] = entry;
    }

    ++list->count;
    return 0;			/* Added to table */
}

int N(SLDelete)(void *l, unsigned long key)
{
    SkipListPtr   list = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    update[SL_MAX_LEVEL + 1];
    SLEntryPtr    entry;
    int           i;

    if (list->magic != SL_LIST_MAGIC) return -1; /* Bad magic */

    entry = SLLocate(list, key, update);

    if (!entry || entry->key != key) return 1; /* Not found */

				/* Fix up forward pointers */
    for (i = 0; i <= list->level; i++) {
	if (update[i]->forward[i] == entry)
	    update[i]->forward[i] = entry->forward[i];
    }

    entry->magic = SL_FREED_MAGIC;
    SL_FREE(entry);

    while (list->level && !list->head->forward[list->level]) --list->level;
    --list->count;
    return 0;
}

int N(SLLookup)(void *l, unsigned long key, void **value)
{
    SkipListPtr   list = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    update[SL_MAX_LEVEL + 1];
    SLEntryPtr    entry;

    entry = SLLocate(list, key, update);

    if (entry && entry->key == key) {
	*value = entry;
	return 0;
    }
    *value = NULL;
    return -1;
}

int N(SLLookupNeighbors)(void *l, unsigned long key,
			 unsigned long *prev_key, void **prev_value,
			 unsigned long *next_key, void **next_value)
{
    SkipListPtr   list = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    update[SL_MAX_LEVEL + 1];
    SLEntryPtr    entry;
    int           retcode = 0;

    entry = SLLocate(list, key, update);

    *prev_key   = *next_key   = key;
    *prev_value = *next_value = NULL;
	
    if (update[0]) {
	*prev_key   = update[0]->key;
	*prev_value = update[0]->value;
	++retcode;
	if (update[0]->forward[0]) {
	    *next_key   = update[0]->forward[0]->key;
	    *next_value = update[0]->forward[0]->value;
	    ++retcode;
	}
    }
    return retcode;
}

int N(SLNext)(void *l, unsigned long *key, void **value)
{
    SkipListPtr   list = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    entry;
    
    if (list->magic != SL_LIST_MAGIC) return -1; /* Bad magic */

    entry    = list->p0;

    if (entry) {
	list->p0 = entry->forward[0];
	*key     = entry->key;
	*value   = entry->value;
	return 1;
    }
    list->p0 = NULL;
    return 0;
}

int N(SLFirst)(void *l, unsigned long *key, void **value)
{
    SkipListPtr   list = (SkipListPtr)l;
    
    if (list->magic != SL_LIST_MAGIC) return -1; /* Bad magic */
    
    list->p0 = list->head->forward[0];
    return N(SLNext)(list, key, value);
}

/* Dump internal data structures for debugging. */
void N(SLDump)(void *l)
{
    SkipListPtr   list = (SkipListPtr)l;
    SLEntryPtr    entry;
    int           i;
    
    if (list->magic != SL_LIST_MAGIC) {
	printf("Bad magic: 0x%08lx (expected 0x%08lx)\n",
	       list->magic, SL_LIST_MAGIC);
	return;
    }

    printf("Level = %d, count = %d\n", list->level, list->count);
    for (entry = list->head; entry; entry = entry->forward[0]) {
	if (entry->magic != SL_ENTRY_MAGIC) {
	    printf("Bad magic: 0x%08lx (expected 0x%08lx)\n",
		   list->magic, SL_ENTRY_MAGIC);
	}
	printf("\nEntry %p <0x%08lx, %p> has %2d levels\n",
	       entry, entry->key, entry->value, entry->levels);
	for (i = 0; i < entry->levels; i++) {
	    if (entry->forward[i]) {
		printf("   %2d: %p <0x%08lx, %p>\n",
		       i,
		       entry->forward[i],
		       entry->forward[i]->key,
		       entry->forward[i]->value);
	    } else {
		printf("   %2d: %p\n", i, entry->forward[i]);
	    }
	}
    }
}

#if SL_MAIN
static void print(SkipListPtr list)
{
    unsigned long key;
    void          *value;
    
    if (N(SLFirst)(list, &key, &value)) {
	do {
	    printf("key = %5lu, value = %p\n", key, value);
	} while (N(SLNext)(list, &key, &value));
    }
}

static double do_time(int size, int iter)
{
    SkipListPtr    list;
    int            i, j;
    unsigned long  keys[1000000];
    unsigned long  previous;
    unsigned long  key;
    void           *value;
    struct timeval start, stop;
    double         usec;
    SL_RANDOM_DECL;

    SL_RANDOM_INIT(12345);
    
    list = N(SLCreate)();

    for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
	keys[i] = SL_RANDOM;
	N(SLInsert)(list, keys[i], NULL);
    }

    previous = 0;
    if (N(SLFirst)(list, &key, &value)) {
	do {
	    if (key <= previous) {
		printf( "%lu !< %lu\n", previous, key);
	    }
	    previous = key;
	} while (N(SLNext)(list, &key, &value));
    }
    
    gettimeofday(&start, NULL);
    for (j = 0; j < iter; j++) {
	for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
	    if (N(SLLookup)(list, keys[i], &value))
		printf("Error %lu %d\n", keys[i], i);
	}
    }
    gettimeofday(&stop, NULL);
    
    usec = (double)(stop.tv_sec * 1000000 + stop.tv_usec
		    - start.tv_sec * 1000000 - start.tv_usec) / (size * iter);
    
    printf("%0.2f microseconds for list length %d\n", usec, size);

    N(SLDestroy)(list);
    
    return usec;
}

static void print_neighbors(void *list, unsigned long key)
{
    unsigned long prev_key = 0;
    unsigned long next_key = 0;
    void          *prev_value;
    void          *next_value;
    int           retval;

    retval = drmSLLookupNeighbors(list, key,
				  &prev_key, &prev_value,
				  &next_key, &next_value);
    printf("Neighbors of %5lu: %d %5lu %5lu\n",
	   key, retval, prev_key, next_key);
}

int main(void)
{
    SkipListPtr    list;
    double         usec, usec2, usec3, usec4;

    list = N(SLCreate)();
    printf( "list at %p\n", list);

    print(list);
    printf("\n==============================\n\n");

    N(SLInsert)(list, 123, NULL);
    N(SLInsert)(list, 213, NULL);
    N(SLInsert)(list, 50, NULL);
    print(list);
    printf("\n==============================\n\n");
    
    print_neighbors(list, 0);
    print_neighbors(list, 50);
    print_neighbors(list, 51);
    print_neighbors(list, 123);
    print_neighbors(list, 200);
    print_neighbors(list, 213);
    print_neighbors(list, 256);
    printf("\n==============================\n\n");    
    
    N(SLDelete)(list, 50);
    print(list);
    printf("\n==============================\n\n");

    N(SLDump)(list);
    N(SLDestroy)(list);
    printf("\n==============================\n\n");

    usec  = do_time(100, 10000);
    usec2 = do_time(1000, 500);
    printf("Table size increased by %0.2f, search time increased by %0.2f\n",
	   1000.0/100.0, usec2 / usec);
    
    usec3 = do_time(10000, 50);
    printf("Table size increased by %0.2f, search time increased by %0.2f\n",
	   10000.0/100.0, usec3 / usec);
    
    usec4 = do_time(100000, 4);
    printf("Table size increased by %0.2f, search time increased by %0.2f\n",
	   100000.0/100.0, usec4 / usec);

    return 0;
}
#endif