Update scripts (from donut onwards) are written in a new little
scripting language ("edify") that is superficially somewhat similar to
the old one ("amend"). This is a brief overview of the new language.
- The entire script is a single expression.
- All expressions are string-valued.
- String literals appear in double quotes. \n, \t, \", and \\ are
understood, as are hexadecimal escapes like \x4a.
- String literals consisting of only letters, numbers, colons,
underscores, slashes, and periods don't need to be in double quotes.
- The following words are reserved:
if then else endif
They have special meaning when unquoted. (In quotes, they are just
- When used as a boolean, the empty string is "false" and all other
strings are "true".
- All functions are actually macros (in the Lisp sense); the body of
the function can control which (if any) of the arguments are
evaluated. This means that functions can act as control
- Operators (like "&&" and "||") are just syntactic sugar for builtin
functions, so they can act as control structures as well.
- ";" is a binary operator; evaluating it just means to first evaluate
the left side, then the right. It can also appear after any
- Comments start with "#" and run to the end of the line.
- There's no distinction between quoted and unquoted strings; the
quotes are only needed if you want characters like whitespace to
appear in the string. The following expressions all evaluate to the
a + " " + b
"a" + " " + "b"
a + "\x20b"
concat(a, " ", "b")
"concat"(a, " ", "b")
As shown in the last example, function names are just strings,
too. They must be string *literals*, however. This is not legal:
("con" + "cat")(a, " ", b) # syntax error!
- The ifelse() builtin takes three arguments: it evaluates exactly
one of the second and third, depending on whether the first one is
true. There is also some syntactic sugar to make expressions that
look like if/else statements:
# these are all equivalent
ifelse(something(), "yes", "no")
if something() then yes else no endif
if something() then "yes" else "no" endif
The else part is optional.
if something() then "yes" endif # if something() is false,
# evaluates to false
ifelse(condition(), "", abort()) # abort() only called if
# condition() is false
The last example is equivalent to:
- The && and || operators can be used similarly; they evaluate their
second argument only if it's needed to determine the truth of the
expression. Their value is the value of the last-evaluated
file_exists("/data/system/bad") && delete("/data/system/bad")
file_exists("/data/system/missing") || create("/data/system/missing")
get_it() || "xxx" # returns value of get_it() if that value is
# true, otherwise returns "xxx"
- The purpose of ";" is to simulate imperative statements, of course,
but the operator can be used anywhere. Its value is the value of
its right side:
concat(a;b;c, d, e;f) # evaluates to "cdf"
A more useful example might be something like:
(first_step(); second_step();), # second ; is optional