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/* libs/cutils/strdup8to16.c
**
** Copyright 2006, The Android Open Source Project
**
** Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); 
** you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. 
** You may obtain a copy of the License at 
**
**     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 
**
** Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software 
** distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, 
** WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. 
** See the License for the specific language governing permissions and 
** limitations under the License.
*/

#include <cutils/jstring.h>

#include <assert.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/* See http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr22/ for discussion
 * on invalid sequences
 */

#define UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR 0xfffd

/* Clever trick from Dianne that returns 1-4 depending on leading bit sequence*/
#define UTF8_SEQ_LENGTH(ch) (((0xe5000000 >> (((ch) >> 3) & 0x1e)) & 3) + 1)

/* note: macro expands to multiple lines */
#define UTF8_SHIFT_AND_MASK(unicode, byte)  \
            (unicode)<<=6; (unicode) |= (0x3f & (byte));

#define UNICODE_UPPER_LIMIT 0x10fffd    

/**
 * out_len is an out parameter (which may not be null) containing the
 * length of the UTF-16 string (which may contain embedded \0's)
 */

extern char16_t * strdup8to16 (const char* s, size_t *out_len)
{
    char16_t *ret;
    size_t len;

    if (s == NULL) return NULL;

    len = strlen8to16(s);

    // fail on overflow
    if (len && SIZE_MAX/len < sizeof(char16_t))
        return NULL;

    // no plus-one here. UTF-16 strings are not null terminated
    ret = (char16_t *) malloc (sizeof(char16_t) * len);

    return strcpy8to16 (ret, s, out_len);
}

/**
 * Like "strlen", but for strings encoded with Java's modified UTF-8.
 *
 * The value returned is the number of UTF-16 characters required
 * to represent this string.
 */
extern size_t strlen8to16 (const char* utf8Str)
{
    size_t len = 0;
    int ic;
    int expected = 0;

    while ((ic = *utf8Str++) != '\0') {
        /* bytes that start 0? or 11 are lead bytes and count as characters.*/
        /* bytes that start 10 are extention bytes and are not counted */
         
        if ((ic & 0xc0) == 0x80) {
            /* count the 0x80 extention bytes. if we have more than
             * expected, then start counting them because strcpy8to16
             * will insert UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR's
             */
            expected--;
            if (expected < 0) {
                len++;
            }
        } else {
            len++;
            expected = UTF8_SEQ_LENGTH(ic) - 1;

            /* this will result in a surrogate pair */
            if (expected == 3) {
                len++;
            }
        }
    }

    return len;
}



/*
 * Retrieve the next UTF-32 character from a UTF-8 string.
 *
 * Stops at inner \0's
 *
 * Returns UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR if an invalid sequence is encountered
 *
 * Advances "*pUtf8Ptr" to the start of the next character.
 */
static inline uint32_t getUtf32FromUtf8(const char** pUtf8Ptr)
{
    uint32_t ret;
    int seq_len;
    int i;

    /* Mask for leader byte for lengths 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively*/
    static const unsigned char leaderMask[4] = {0xff, 0x1f, 0x0f, 0x07};

    /* Bytes that start with bits "10" are not leading characters. */
    if (((**pUtf8Ptr) & 0xc0) == 0x80) {
        (*pUtf8Ptr)++;
        return UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
    }

    /* note we tolerate invalid leader 11111xxx here */    
    seq_len = UTF8_SEQ_LENGTH(**pUtf8Ptr);

    ret = (**pUtf8Ptr) & leaderMask [seq_len - 1];

    if (**pUtf8Ptr == '\0') return ret;

    (*pUtf8Ptr)++;
    for (i = 1; i < seq_len ; i++, (*pUtf8Ptr)++) {
        if ((**pUtf8Ptr) == '\0') return UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
        if (((**pUtf8Ptr) & 0xc0) != 0x80) return UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;

        UTF8_SHIFT_AND_MASK(ret, **pUtf8Ptr);
    }

    return ret;
}


/**
 * out_len is an out parameter (which may not be null) containing the
 * length of the UTF-16 string (which may contain embedded \0's)
 */

extern char16_t * strcpy8to16 (char16_t *utf16Str, const char*utf8Str, 
                                       size_t *out_len)
{   
    char16_t *dest = utf16Str;

    while (*utf8Str != '\0') {
        uint32_t ret;

        ret = getUtf32FromUtf8(&utf8Str);

        if (ret <= 0xffff) {
            *dest++ = (char16_t) ret;
        } else if (ret <= UNICODE_UPPER_LIMIT)  {
            /* Create surrogate pairs */
            /* See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UTF-16/UCS-2#Method_for_code_points_in_Plane_1.2C_Plane_2 */

            *dest++ = 0xd800 | ((ret - 0x10000) >> 10);
            *dest++ = 0xdc00 | ((ret - 0x10000) &  0x3ff);
        } else {
            *dest++ = UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
        }
    }

    *out_len = dest - utf16Str;

    return utf16Str;
}

/**
 * length is the number of characters in the UTF-8 string.
 * out_len is an out parameter (which may not be null) containing the
 * length of the UTF-16 string (which may contain embedded \0's)
 */

extern char16_t * strcpylen8to16 (char16_t *utf16Str, const char*utf8Str,
                                       int length, size_t *out_len)
{
    /* TODO: Share more of this code with the method above. Only 2 lines changed. */
    
    char16_t *dest = utf16Str;

    const char *end = utf8Str + length; /* This line */
    while (utf8Str < end) {             /* and this line changed. */
        uint32_t ret;

        ret = getUtf32FromUtf8(&utf8Str);

        if (ret <= 0xffff) {
            *dest++ = (char16_t) ret;
        } else if (ret <= UNICODE_UPPER_LIMIT)  {
            /* Create surrogate pairs */
            /* See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UTF-16/UCS-2#Method_for_code_points_in_Plane_1.2C_Plane_2 */

            *dest++ = 0xd800 | ((ret - 0x10000) >> 10);
            *dest++ = 0xdc00 | ((ret - 0x10000) &  0x3ff);
        } else {
            *dest++ = UTF16_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
        }
    }

    *out_len = dest - utf16Str;

    return utf16Str;
}