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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 The Android Open Source Project
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

#include <ctype.h>
#include <endian.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include <private/android_logger.h>

#include "LogBuffer.h"
#include "LogBufferElement.h"
#include "LogCommand.h"
#include "LogReader.h"
#include "LogUtils.h"

const log_time LogBufferElement::FLUSH_ERROR((uint32_t)-1, (uint32_t)-1);
atomic_int_fast64_t LogBufferElement::sequence(1);

LogBufferElement::LogBufferElement(log_id_t log_id, log_time realtime,
                                   uid_t uid, pid_t pid, pid_t tid,
                                   const char* msg, unsigned short len)
    : mUid(uid),
      mPid(pid),
      mTid(tid),
      mRealTime(realtime),
      mMsgLen(len),
      mLogId(log_id),
      mDropped(false) {
    mMsg = new char[len];
    memcpy(mMsg, msg, len);
}

LogBufferElement::LogBufferElement(const LogBufferElement& elem)
    : mUid(elem.mUid),
      mPid(elem.mPid),
      mTid(elem.mTid),
      mRealTime(elem.mRealTime),
      mMsgLen(elem.mMsgLen),
      mLogId(elem.mLogId),
      mDropped(elem.mDropped) {
    mMsg = new char[mMsgLen];
    memcpy(mMsg, elem.mMsg, mMsgLen);
}

LogBufferElement::~LogBufferElement() {
    delete[] mMsg;
}

uint32_t LogBufferElement::getTag() const {
    return (isBinary() &&
            ((mDropped && mMsg != nullptr) ||
             (!mDropped && mMsgLen >= sizeof(android_event_header_t))))
               ? reinterpret_cast<const android_event_header_t*>(mMsg)->tag
               : 0;
}

unsigned short LogBufferElement::setDropped(unsigned short value) {
    // The tag information is saved in mMsg data, if the tag is non-zero
    // save only the information needed to get the tag.
    if (getTag() != 0) {
        if (mMsgLen > sizeof(android_event_header_t)) {
            char* truncated_msg = new char[sizeof(android_event_header_t)];
            memcpy(truncated_msg, mMsg, sizeof(android_event_header_t));
            delete[] mMsg;
            mMsg = truncated_msg;
        }  // mMsgLen == sizeof(android_event_header_t), already at minimum.
    } else {
        delete[] mMsg;
        mMsg = nullptr;
    }
    mDropped = true;
    return mDroppedCount = value;
}

// caller must own and free character string
char* android::tidToName(pid_t tid) {
    char* retval = nullptr;
    char buffer[256];
    snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "/proc/%u/comm", tid);
    int fd = open(buffer, O_RDONLY);
    if (fd >= 0) {
        ssize_t ret = read(fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer));
        if (ret >= (ssize_t)sizeof(buffer)) {
            ret = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
        }
        while ((ret > 0) && isspace(buffer[ret - 1])) {
            --ret;
        }
        if (ret > 0) {
            buffer[ret] = '\0';
            retval = strdup(buffer);
        }
        close(fd);
    }

    // if nothing for comm, check out cmdline
    char* name = android::pidToName(tid);
    if (!retval) {
        retval = name;
        name = nullptr;
    }

    // check if comm is truncated, see if cmdline has full representation
    if (name) {
        // impossible for retval to be NULL if name not NULL
        size_t retval_len = strlen(retval);
        size_t name_len = strlen(name);
        // KISS: ToDo: Only checks prefix truncated, not suffix, or both
        if ((retval_len < name_len) &&
            !fastcmp<strcmp>(retval, name + name_len - retval_len)) {
            free(retval);
            retval = name;
        } else {
            free(name);
        }
    }
    return retval;
}

// assumption: mMsg == NULL
size_t LogBufferElement::populateDroppedMessage(char*& buffer, LogBuffer* parent,
                                                bool lastSame) {
    static const char tag[] = "chatty";

    if (!__android_log_is_loggable_len(ANDROID_LOG_INFO, tag, strlen(tag),
                                       ANDROID_LOG_VERBOSE)) {
        return 0;
    }

    static const char format_uid[] = "uid=%u%s%s %s %u line%s";
    parent->wrlock();
    const char* name = parent->uidToName(mUid);
    parent->unlock();
    const char* commName = android::tidToName(mTid);
    if (!commName && (mTid != mPid)) {
        commName = android::tidToName(mPid);
    }
    if (!commName) {
        parent->wrlock();
        commName = parent->pidToName(mPid);
        parent->unlock();
    }
    if (name && name[0] && commName && (name[0] == commName[0])) {
        size_t len = strlen(name + 1);
        if (!strncmp(name + 1, commName + 1, len)) {
            if (commName[len + 1] == '\0') {
                free(const_cast<char*>(commName));
                commName = nullptr;
            } else {
                free(const_cast<char*>(name));
                name = nullptr;
            }
        }
    }
    if (name) {
        char* buf = nullptr;
        asprintf(&buf, "(%s)", name);
        if (buf) {
            free(const_cast<char*>(name));
            name = buf;
        }
    }
    if (commName) {
        char* buf = nullptr;
        asprintf(&buf, " %s", commName);
        if (buf) {
            free(const_cast<char*>(commName));
            commName = buf;
        }
    }
    // identical to below to calculate the buffer size required
    const char* type = lastSame ? "identical" : "expire";
    size_t len = snprintf(nullptr, 0, format_uid, mUid, name ? name : "",
                          commName ? commName : "", type, getDropped(),
                          (getDropped() > 1) ? "s" : "");

    size_t hdrLen;
    if (isBinary()) {
        hdrLen = sizeof(android_log_event_string_t);
    } else {
        hdrLen = 1 + sizeof(tag);
    }

    buffer = static_cast<char*>(calloc(1, hdrLen + len + 1));
    if (!buffer) {
        free(const_cast<char*>(name));
        free(const_cast<char*>(commName));
        return 0;
    }

    size_t retval = hdrLen + len;
    if (isBinary()) {
        android_log_event_string_t* event =
            reinterpret_cast<android_log_event_string_t*>(buffer);

        event->header.tag = htole32(CHATTY_LOG_TAG);
        event->type = EVENT_TYPE_STRING;
        event->length = htole32(len);
    } else {
        ++retval;
        buffer[0] = ANDROID_LOG_INFO;
        strcpy(buffer + 1, tag);
    }

    snprintf(buffer + hdrLen, len + 1, format_uid, mUid, name ? name : "",
             commName ? commName : "", type, getDropped(),
             (getDropped() > 1) ? "s" : "");
    free(const_cast<char*>(name));
    free(const_cast<char*>(commName));

    return retval;
}

log_time LogBufferElement::flushTo(SocketClient* reader, LogBuffer* parent,
                                   bool privileged, bool lastSame) {
    struct logger_entry_v4 entry;

    memset(&entry, 0, sizeof(struct logger_entry_v4));

    entry.hdr_size = privileged ? sizeof(struct logger_entry_v4)
                                : sizeof(struct logger_entry_v3);
    entry.lid = mLogId;
    entry.pid = mPid;
    entry.tid = mTid;
    entry.uid = mUid;
    entry.sec = mRealTime.tv_sec;
    entry.nsec = mRealTime.tv_nsec;

    struct iovec iovec[2];
    iovec[0].iov_base = &entry;
    iovec[0].iov_len = entry.hdr_size;

    char* buffer = nullptr;

    if (mDropped) {
        entry.len = populateDroppedMessage(buffer, parent, lastSame);
        if (!entry.len) return mRealTime;
        iovec[1].iov_base = buffer;
    } else {
        entry.len = mMsgLen;
        iovec[1].iov_base = mMsg;
    }
    iovec[1].iov_len = entry.len;

    log_time retval = reader->sendDatav(iovec, 1 + (entry.len != 0))
                          ? FLUSH_ERROR
                          : mRealTime;

    if (buffer) free(buffer);

    return retval;
}