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Android Init Language
---------------------

The Android Init Language consists of five broad classes of statements:
Actions, Commands, Services, Options, and Imports.

All of these are line-oriented, consisting of tokens separated by
whitespace.  The c-style backslash escapes may be used to insert
whitespace into a token.  Double quotes may also be used to prevent
whitespace from breaking text into multiple tokens.  The backslash,
when it is the last character on a line, may be used for line-folding.

Lines which start with a `#` (leading whitespace allowed) are comments.

System properties can be expanded using the syntax
`${property.name}`. This also works in contexts where concatenation is
required, such as `import /init.recovery.${ro.hardware}.rc`.

Actions and Services implicitly declare a new section.  All commands
or options belong to the section most recently declared.  Commands
or options before the first section are ignored.

Services have unique names.  If a second Service is defined
with the same name as an existing one, it is ignored and an error
message is logged.


Init .rc Files
--------------
The init language is used in plain text files that take the .rc file
extension.  There are typically multiple of these in multiple
locations on the system, described below.

/init.rc is the primary .rc file and is loaded by the init executable
at the beginning of its execution.  It is responsible for the initial
set up of the system.

Devices that mount /system, /vendor through the first stage mount mechanism
load all of the files contained within the
/{system,vendor,odm}/etc/init/ directories immediately after loading
the primary /init.rc.  This is explained in more details in the
Imports section of this file.

Legacy devices without the first stage mount mechanism do the following:
1. /init.rc imports /init.${ro.hardware}.rc which is the primary
   vendor supplied .rc file.
2. During the mount\_all command, the init executable loads all of the
   files contained within the /{system,vendor,odm}/etc/init/ directories.
   These directories are intended for all Actions and Services used after
   file system mounting.

One may specify paths in the mount\_all command line to have it import
.rc files at the specified paths instead of the default ones listed above.
This is primarily for supporting factory mode and other non-standard boot
modes.  The three default paths should be used for the normal boot process.

The intention of these directories is:

   1. /system/etc/init/ is for core system items such as
      SurfaceFlinger, MediaService, and logcatd.
   2. /vendor/etc/init/ is for SoC vendor items such as actions or
      daemons needed for core SoC functionality.
   3. /odm/etc/init/ is for device manufacturer items such as
      actions or daemons needed for motion sensor or other peripheral
      functionality.

All services whose binaries reside on the system, vendor, or odm
partitions should have their service entries placed into a
corresponding init .rc file, located in the /etc/init/
directory of the partition where they reside.  There is a build
system macro, LOCAL\_INIT\_RC, that handles this for developers.  Each
init .rc file should additionally contain any actions associated with
its service.

An example is the logcatd.rc and Android.mk files located in the
system/core/logcat directory.  The LOCAL\_INIT\_RC macro in the
Android.mk file places logcatd.rc in /system/etc/init/ during the
build process.  Init loads logcatd.rc during the mount\_all command and
allows the service to be run and the action to be queued when
appropriate.

This break up of init .rc files according to their daemon is preferred
to the previously used monolithic init .rc files.  This approach
ensures that the only service entries that init reads and the only
actions that init performs correspond to services whose binaries are in
fact present on the file system, which was not the case with the
monolithic init .rc files.  This additionally will aid in merge
conflict resolution when multiple services are added to the system, as
each one will go into a separate file.

There are two options "early" and "late" in mount\_all command
which can be set after optional paths. With "--early" set, the
init executable will skip mounting entries with "latemount" flag
and triggering fs encryption state event. With "--late" set,
init executable will only mount entries with "latemount" flag but skip
importing rc files. By default, no option is set, and mount\_all will
process all entries in the given fstab.

Actions
-------
Actions are named sequences of commands.  Actions have a trigger which
is used to determine when the action is executed.  When an event
occurs which matches an action's trigger, that action is added to
the tail of a to-be-executed queue (unless it is already on the
queue).

Each action in the queue is dequeued in sequence and each command in
that action is executed in sequence.  Init handles other activities
(device creation/destruction, property setting, process restarting)
"between" the execution of the commands in activities.

Actions take the form of:

    on <trigger> [&& <trigger>]*
       <command>
       <command>
       <command>

Actions are added to the queue and executed based on the order that
the file that contains them was parsed (see the Imports section), then
sequentially within an individual file.

For example if a file contains:

    on boot
       setprop a 1
       setprop b 2

    on boot && property:true=true
       setprop c 1
       setprop d 2

    on boot
       setprop e 1
       setprop f 2

Then when the `boot` trigger occurs and assuming the property `true`
equals `true`, then the order of the commands executed will be:

    setprop a 1
    setprop b 2
    setprop c 1
    setprop d 2
    setprop e 1
    setprop f 2


Services
--------
Services are programs which init launches and (optionally) restarts
when they exit.  Services take the form of:

    service <name> <pathname> [ <argument> ]*
       <option>
       <option>
       ...


Options
-------
Options are modifiers to services.  They affect how and when init
runs the service.

`capabilities <capability> [ <capability>\* ]`
> Set capabilities when exec'ing this service. 'capability' should be a Linux
  capability without the "CAP\_" prefix, like "NET\_ADMIN" or "SETPCAP". See
  http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man7/capabilities.7.html for a list of Linux
  capabilities.

`class <name> [ <name>\* ]`
> Specify class names for the service.  All services in a
  named class may be started or stopped together.  A service
  is in the class "default" if one is not specified via the
  class option. Additional classnames beyond the (required) first
  one are used to group services.
  The `animation` class should include all services necessary for both
  boot animation and shutdown animation. As these services can be
  launched very early during bootup and can run until the last stage
  of shutdown, access to /data partition is not guaranteed. These
  services can check files under /data but it should not keep files opened
  and should work when /data is not available.

`console [<console>]`
> This service needs a console. The optional second parameter chooses a
  specific console instead of the default. The default "/dev/console" can
  be changed by setting the "androidboot.console" kernel parameter. In
  all cases the leading "/dev/" should be omitted, so "/dev/tty0" would be
  specified as just "console tty0".

`critical`
> This is a device-critical service. If it exits more than four times in
  four minutes, the device will reboot into recovery mode.

`disabled`
> This service will not automatically start with its class.
  It must be explicitly started by name or by interface name.

`enter_namespace <type> <path>`
> Enters the namespace of type _type_ located at _path_. Only network namespaces are supported with
  _type_ set to "net". Note that only one namespace of a given _type_ may be entered.

`file <path> <type>`
> Open a file path and pass its fd to the launched process. _type_ must be
  "r", "w" or "rw".  For native executables see libcutils
  android\_get\_control\_file().

`group <groupname> [ <groupname>\* ]`
> Change to 'groupname' before exec'ing this service.  Additional
  groupnames beyond the (required) first one are used to set the
  supplemental groups of the process (via setgroups()).
  Currently defaults to root.  (??? probably should default to nobody)

`interface <interface name> <instance name>`
> Associates this service with a list of the HIDL services that it provides. The interface name
  must be a fully-qualified name and not a value name. This is used to allow hwservicemanager to
  lazily start services.
  For example: interface vendor.foo.bar@1.0::IBaz default

`ioprio <class> <priority>`
> Sets the IO priority and IO priority class for this service via the SYS_ioprio_set syscall.
  _class_ must be one of "rt", "be", or "idle". _priority_ must be an integer in the range 0 - 7.

`keycodes <keycode> [ <keycode>\* ]`
> Sets the keycodes that will trigger this service. If all of the keys corresponding to the passed
  keycodes are pressed at once, the service will start. This is typically used to start the
  bugreport service.

`memcg.limit_in_bytes <value>`
> Sets the child's memory.limit_in_bytes to the specified value (only if memcg is mounted),
  which must be equal or greater than 0.

`memcg.soft_limit_in_bytes <value>`
> Sets the child's memory.soft_limit_in_bytes to the specified value (only if memcg is mounted),
  which must be equal or greater than 0.

`memcg.swappiness <value>`
> Sets the child's memory.swappiness to the specified value (only if memcg is mounted),
  which must be equal or greater than 0.

`namespace <pid|mnt>`
> Enter a new PID or mount namespace when forking the service.

`oneshot`
> Do not restart the service when it exits.

`onrestart`
> Execute a Command (see below) when service restarts.

`oom_score_adjust <value>`
> Sets the child's /proc/self/oom\_score\_adj to the specified value,
  which must range from -1000 to 1000.

`override`
> Indicates that this service definition is meant to override a previous definition for a service
  with the same name. This is typically meant for services on /odm to override those defined on
  /vendor. The last service definition that init parses with this keyword is the service definition
  will use for this service. Pay close attention to the order in which init.rc files are parsed,
  since it has some peculiarities for backwards compatibility reasons. The 'imports' section of
  this file has more details on the order.

`priority <priority>`
> Scheduling priority of the service process. This value has to be in range
  -20 to 19. Default priority is 0. Priority is set via setpriority().

`rlimit <resource> <cur> <max>`
> This applies the given rlimit to the service. rlimits are inherited by child
  processes, so this effectively applies the given rlimit to the process tree
  started by this service.
  It is parsed similarly to the setrlimit command specified below.

`seclabel <seclabel>`
> Change to 'seclabel' before exec'ing this service.
  Primarily for use by services run from the rootfs, e.g. ueventd, adbd.
  Services on the system partition can instead use policy-defined transitions
  based on their file security context.
  If not specified and no transition is defined in policy, defaults to the init context.

`setenv <name> <value>`
> Set the environment variable _name_ to _value_ in the launched process.

`shutdown <shutdown_behavior>`
> Set shutdown behavior of the service process. When this is not specified,
  the service is killed during shutdown process by using SIGTERM and SIGKILL.
  The service with shutdown_behavior of "critical" is not killed during shutdown
  until shutdown times out. When shutdown times out, even services tagged with
  "shutdown critical" will be killed. When the service tagged with "shutdown critical"
  is not running when shut down starts, it will be started.

`sigstop`
> Send SIGSTOP to the service immediately before exec is called. This is intended for debugging.
  See the below section on debugging for how this can be used.

`socket <name> <type> <perm> [ <user> [ <group> [ <seclabel> ] ] ]`
> Create a unix domain socket named /dev/socket/_name_ and pass its fd to the
  launched process.  _type_ must be "dgram", "stream" or "seqpacket".  User and
  group default to 0.  'seclabel' is the SELinux security context for the
  socket.  It defaults to the service security context, as specified by
  seclabel or computed based on the service executable file security context.
  For native executables see libcutils android\_get\_control\_socket().

`user <username>`
> Change to 'username' before exec'ing this service.
  Currently defaults to root.  (??? probably should default to nobody)
  As of Android M, processes should use this option even if they
  require Linux capabilities.  Previously, to acquire Linux
  capabilities, a process would need to run as root, request the
  capabilities, then drop to its desired uid.  There is a new
  mechanism through fs\_config that allows device manufacturers to add
  Linux capabilities to specific binaries on a file system that should
  be used instead. This mechanism is described on
  <http://source.android.com/devices/tech/config/filesystem.html>.  When
  using this new mechanism, processes can use the user option to
  select their desired uid without ever running as root.
  As of Android O, processes can also request capabilities directly in their .rc
  files. See the "capabilities" option below.

`writepid <file> [ <file>\* ]`
> Write the child's pid to the given files when it forks. Meant for
  cgroup/cpuset usage. If no files under /dev/cpuset/ are specified, but the
  system property 'ro.cpuset.default' is set to a non-empty cpuset name (e.g.
  '/foreground'), then the pid is written to file /dev/cpuset/_cpuset\_name_/tasks.


Triggers
--------
Triggers are strings which can be used to match certain kinds of
events and used to cause an action to occur.

Triggers are subdivided into event triggers and property triggers.

Event triggers are strings triggered by the 'trigger' command or by
the QueueEventTrigger() function within the init executable.  These
take the form of a simple string such as 'boot' or 'late-init'.

Property triggers are strings triggered when a named property changes
value to a given new value or when a named property changes value to
any new value.  These take the form of 'property:<name>=<value>' and
'property:<name>=\*' respectively.  Property triggers are additionally
evaluated and triggered accordingly during the initial boot phase of
init.

An Action can have multiple property triggers but may only have one
event trigger.

For example:
`on boot && property:a=b` defines an action that is only executed when
the 'boot' event trigger happens and the property a equals b.

`on property:a=b && property:c=d` defines an action that is executed
at three times:

   1. During initial boot if property a=b and property c=d.
   2. Any time that property a transitions to value b, while property c already equals d.
   3. Any time that property c transitions to value d, while property a already equals b.


Commands
--------

`bootchart [start|stop]`
> Start/stop bootcharting. These are present in the default init.rc files,
  but bootcharting is only active if the file /data/bootchart/enabled exists;
  otherwise bootchart start/stop are no-ops.

`chmod <octal-mode> <path>`
> Change file access permissions.

`chown <owner> <group> <path>`
> Change file owner and group.

`class_start <serviceclass>`
> Start all services of the specified class if they are
  not already running.  See the start entry for more information on
  starting services.

`class_stop <serviceclass>`
> Stop and disable all services of the specified class if they are
  currently running.

`class_reset <serviceclass>`
> Stop all services of the specified class if they are
  currently running, without disabling them. They can be restarted
  later using `class_start`.

`class_restart <serviceclass>`
> Restarts all services of the specified class.

`copy <src> <dst>`
> Copies a file. Similar to write, but useful for binary/large
  amounts of data.
  Regarding to the src file, copying from symbolic link file and world-writable
  or group-writable files are not allowed.
  Regarding to the dst file, the default mode created is 0600 if it does not
  exist. And it will be truncated if dst file is a normal regular file and
  already exists.

`domainname <name>`
> Set the domain name.

`enable <servicename>`
> Turns a disabled service into an enabled one as if the service did not
  specify disabled.
  If the service is supposed to be running, it will be started now.
  Typically used when the bootloader sets a variable that indicates a specific
  service should be started when needed. E.g.

    on property:ro.boot.myfancyhardware=1
        enable my_fancy_service_for_my_fancy_hardware

`exec [ <seclabel> [ <user> [ <group>\* ] ] ] -- <command> [ <argument>\* ]`
> Fork and execute command with the given arguments. The command starts
  after "--" so that an optional security context, user, and supplementary
  groups can be provided. No other commands will be run until this one
  finishes. _seclabel_ can be a - to denote default. Properties are expanded
  within _argument_.
  Init halts executing commands until the forked process exits.

`exec_background [ <seclabel> [ <user> [ <group>\* ] ] ] -- <command> [ <argument>\* ]`
> Fork and execute command with the given arguments. This is handled similarly
  to the `exec` command. The difference is that init does not halt executing
  commands until the process exits for `exec_background`.

`exec_start <service>`
> Start a given service and halt the processing of additional init commands
  until it returns.  The command functions similarly to the `exec` command,
  but uses an existing service definition in place of the exec argument vector.

`export <name> <value>`
> Set the environment variable _name_ equal to _value_ in the
  global environment (which will be inherited by all processes
  started after this command is executed)

`hostname <name>`
> Set the host name.

`ifup <interface>`
> Bring the network interface _interface_ online.

`insmod [-f] <path> [<options>]`
> Install the module at _path_ with the specified options.
  -f: force installation of the module even if the version of the running kernel
  and the version of the kernel for which the module was compiled do not match.

`load_all_props`
> Loads properties from /system, /vendor, et cetera.
  This is included in the default init.rc.

`load_persist_props`
> Loads persistent properties when /data has been decrypted.
  This is included in the default init.rc.

`loglevel <level>`
> Sets the kernel log level to level. Properties are expanded within _level_.

`mkdir <path> [mode] [owner] [group]`
> Create a directory at _path_, optionally with the given mode, owner, and
  group. If not provided, the directory is created with permissions 755 and
  owned by the root user and root group. If provided, the mode, owner and group
  will be updated if the directory exists already.

`mount_all <fstab> [ <path> ]\* [--<option>]`
> Calls fs\_mgr\_mount\_all on the given fs\_mgr-format fstab and imports .rc files
  at the specified paths (e.g., on the partitions just mounted) with optional
  options "early" and "late".
  Refer to the section of "Init .rc Files" for detail.

`mount <type> <device> <dir> [ <flag>\* ] [<options>]`
> Attempt to mount the named device at the directory _dir_
  _flag_s include "ro", "rw", "remount", "noatime", ...
  _options_ include "barrier=1", "noauto\_da\_alloc", "discard", ... as
  a comma separated string, eg: barrier=1,noauto\_da\_alloc

`restart <service>`
> Stops and restarts a running service, does nothing if the service is currently
  restarting, otherwise, it just starts the service.

`restorecon <path> [ <path>\* ]`
> Restore the file named by _path_ to the security context specified
  in the file\_contexts configuration.
  Not required for directories created by the init.rc as these are
  automatically labeled correctly by init.

`restorecon_recursive <path> [ <path>\* ]`
> Recursively restore the directory tree named by _path_ to the
  security contexts specified in the file\_contexts configuration.

`rm <path>`
> Calls unlink(2) on the given path. You might want to
  use "exec -- rm ..." instead (provided the system partition is
  already mounted).

`rmdir <path>`
> Calls rmdir(2) on the given path.

`readahead <file|dir> [--fully]`
> Calls readahead(2) on the file or files within given directory.
  Use option --fully to read the full file content.

`setprop <name> <value>`
> Set system property _name_ to _value_. Properties are expanded
  within _value_.

`setrlimit <resource> <cur> <max>`
> Set the rlimit for a resource. This applies to all processes launched after
  the limit is set. It is intended to be set early in init and applied globally.
  _resource_ is best specified using its text representation ('cpu', 'rtio', etc
  or 'RLIM_CPU', 'RLIM_RTIO', etc). It also may be specified as the int value
  that the resource enum corresponds to.

`start <service>`
> Start a service running if it is not already running.
  Note that this is _not_ synchronous, and even if it were, there is
  no guarantee that the operating system's scheduler will execute the
  service sufficiently to guarantee anything about the service's status.

> This creates an important consequence that if the service offers
  functionality to other services, such as providing a
  communication channel, simply starting this service before those
  services is _not_ sufficient to guarantee that the channel has
  been set up before those services ask for it.  There must be a
  separate mechanism to make any such guarantees.

`stop <service>`
> Stop a service from running if it is currently running.

`swapon_all <fstab>`
> Calls fs\_mgr\_swapon\_all on the given fstab file.

`symlink <target> <path>`
> Create a symbolic link at _path_ with the value _target_

`sysclktz <mins_west_of_gmt>`
> Set the system clock base (0 if system clock ticks in GMT)

`trigger <event>`
> Trigger an event.  Used to queue an action from another
  action.

`umount <path>`
> Unmount the filesystem mounted at that path.

`verity_load_state`
> Internal implementation detail used to load dm-verity state.

`verity_update_state <mount-point>`
> Internal implementation detail used to update dm-verity state and
  set the partition._mount-point_.verified properties used by adb remount
  because fs\_mgr can't set them directly itself.

`wait <path> [ <timeout> ]`
> Poll for the existence of the given file and return when found,
  or the timeout has been reached. If timeout is not specified it
  currently defaults to five seconds.

`wait_for_prop <name> <value>`
> Wait for system property _name_ to be _value_. Properties are expanded
  within _value_. If property _name_ is already set to _value_, continue
  immediately.

`write <path> <content>`
> Open the file at _path_ and write a string to it with write(2).
  If the file does not exist, it will be created. If it does exist,
  it will be truncated. Properties are expanded within _content_.


Imports
-------
`import <path>`
> Parse an init config file, extending the current configuration.
  If _path_ is a directory, each file in the directory is parsed as
  a config file. It is not recursive, nested directories will
  not be parsed.

The import keyword is not a command, but rather its own section,
meaning that it does not happen as part of an Action, but rather,
imports are handled as a file is being parsed and follow the below logic.

There are only three times where the init executable imports .rc files:

   1. When it imports /init.rc or the script indicated by the property
      `ro.boot.init_rc` during initial boot.
   2. When it imports /{system,vendor,odm}/etc/init/ for first stage mount
      devices immediately after importing /init.rc.
   3. When it imports /{system,vendor,odm}/etc/init/ or .rc files at specified
      paths during mount_all.

The order that files are imported is a bit complex for legacy reasons
and to keep backwards compatibility.  It is not strictly guaranteed.

The only correct way to guarantee that a command has been run before a
different command is to either 1) place it in an Action with an
earlier executed trigger, or 2) place it in an Action with the same
trigger within the same file at an earlier line.

Nonetheless, the defacto order for first stage mount devices is:
1. /init.rc is parsed then recursively each of its imports are
   parsed.
2. The contents of /system/etc/init/ are alphabetized and parsed
   sequentially, with imports happening recursively after each file is
   parsed.
3. Step 2 is repeated for /vendor/etc/init then /odm/etc/init

The below pseudocode may explain this more clearly:

    fn Import(file)
      Parse(file)
      for (import : file.imports)
        Import(import)

    Import(/init.rc)
    Directories = [/system/etc/init, /vendor/etc/init, /odm/etc/init]
    for (directory : Directories)
      files = <Alphabetical order of directory's contents>
      for (file : files)
        Import(file)


Properties
----------
Init provides information about the services that it is responsible
for via the below properties.

`init.svc.<name>`
> State of a named service ("stopped", "stopping", "running", "restarting")


Boot timing
-----------
Init records some boot timing information in system properties.

`ro.boottime.init`
> Time after boot in ns (via the CLOCK\_BOOTTIME clock) at which the first
  stage of init started.

`ro.boottime.init.selinux`
> How long it took the first stage to initialize SELinux.

`ro.boottime.init.cold_boot_wait`
> How long init waited for ueventd's coldboot phase to end.

`ro.boottime.<service-name>`
> Time after boot in ns (via the CLOCK\_BOOTTIME clock) that the service was
  first started.


Bootcharting
------------
This version of init contains code to perform "bootcharting": generating log
files that can be later processed by the tools provided by <http://www.bootchart.org/>.

On the emulator, use the -bootchart _timeout_ option to boot with bootcharting
activated for _timeout_ seconds.

On a device:

    adb shell 'touch /data/bootchart/enabled'

Don't forget to delete this file when you're done collecting data!

The log files are written to /data/bootchart/. A script is provided to
retrieve them and create a bootchart.tgz file that can be used with the
bootchart command-line utility:

    sudo apt-get install pybootchartgui
    # grab-bootchart.sh uses $ANDROID_SERIAL.
    $ANDROID_BUILD_TOP/system/core/init/grab-bootchart.sh

One thing to watch for is that the bootchart will show init as if it started
running at 0s. You'll have to look at dmesg to work out when the kernel
actually started init.


Comparing two bootcharts
------------------------
A handy script named compare-bootcharts.py can be used to compare the
start/end time of selected processes. The aforementioned grab-bootchart.sh
will leave a bootchart tarball named bootchart.tgz at /tmp/android-bootchart.
If two such barballs are preserved on the host machine under different
directories, the script can list the timestamps differences. For example:

Usage: system/core/init/compare-bootcharts.py _base-bootchart-dir_ _exp-bootchart-dir_

    process: baseline experiment (delta) - Unit is ms (a jiffy is 10 ms on the system)
    ------------------------------------
    /init: 50 40 (-10)
    /system/bin/surfaceflinger: 4320 4470 (+150)
    /system/bin/bootanimation: 6980 6990 (+10)
    zygote64: 10410 10640 (+230)
    zygote: 10410 10640 (+230)
    system_server: 15350 15150 (-200)
    bootanimation ends at: 33790 31230 (-2560)


Systrace
--------
Systrace (<http://developer.android.com/tools/help/systrace.html>) can be
used for obtaining performance analysis reports during boot
time on userdebug or eng builds.

Here is an example of trace events of "wm" and "am" categories:

    $ANDROID_BUILD_TOP/external/chromium-trace/systrace.py \
          wm am --boot

This command will cause the device to reboot. After the device is rebooted and
the boot sequence has finished, the trace report is obtained from the device
and written as trace.html on the host by hitting Ctrl+C.

Limitation: recording trace events is started after persistent properties are loaded, so
the trace events that are emitted before that are not recorded. Several
services such as vold, surfaceflinger, and servicemanager are affected by this
limitation since they are started before persistent properties are loaded.
Zygote initialization and the processes that are forked from the zygote are not
affected.


Debugging init
--------------
Launching init services without init is not recommended as init sets up a significant amount of
environment (user, groups, security label, capabilities, etc) that is hard to replicate manually.

If it is required to debug a service from its very start, the `sigstop` service option is added.
This option will send SIGSTOP to a service immediately before calling exec. This gives a window
where developers can attach a debugger, strace, etc before continuing the service with SIGCONT.

This flag can also be dynamically controled via the ctl.sigstop_on and ctl.sigstop_off properties.

Below is an example of dynamically debugging logd via the above:

    stop logd
    setprop ctl.sigstop_on logd
    start logd
    ps -e | grep logd
    > logd          4343     1   18156   1684 do_signal_stop 538280 T init
    gdbclient.py -p 4343
    b main
    c
    c
    c
    > Breakpoint 1, main (argc=1, argv=0x7ff8c9a488) at system/core/logd/main.cpp:427

Below is an example of doing the same but with strace

    stop logd
    setprop ctl.sigstop_on logd
    start logd
    ps -e | grep logd
    > logd          4343     1   18156   1684 do_signal_stop 538280 T init
    strace -p 4343

    (From a different shell)
    kill -SIGCONT 4343

    > strace runs