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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2012-2013 The Android Open Source Project
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

#include <dirent.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <poll.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <semaphore.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/capability.h>
#include <sys/klog.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include <cutils/properties.h>
#include <cutils/sched_policy.h>
#include <cutils/sockets.h>
#include <private/android_filesystem_config.h>

#include "CommandListener.h"
#include "LogBuffer.h"
#include "LogListener.h"
#include "LogAudit.h"

#define KMSG_PRIORITY(PRI)                            \
    '<',                                              \
    '0' + LOG_MAKEPRI(LOG_DAEMON, LOG_PRI(PRI)) / 10, \
    '0' + LOG_MAKEPRI(LOG_DAEMON, LOG_PRI(PRI)) % 10, \
    '>'

//
//  The service is designed to be run by init, it does not respond well
// to starting up manually. When starting up manually the sockets will
// fail to open typically for one of the following reasons:
//     EADDRINUSE if logger is running.
//     EACCESS if started without precautions (below)
//
// Here is a cookbook procedure for starting up logd manually assuming
// init is out of the way, pedantically all permissions and selinux
// security is put back in place:
//
//    setenforce 0
//    rm /dev/socket/logd*
//    chmod 777 /dev/socket
//        # here is where you would attach the debugger or valgrind for example
//    runcon u:r:logd:s0 /system/bin/logd </dev/null >/dev/null 2>&1 &
//    sleep 1
//    chmod 755 /dev/socket
//    chown logd.logd /dev/socket/logd*
//    restorecon /dev/socket/logd*
//    setenforce 1
//
// If minimalism prevails, typical for debugging and security is not a concern:
//
//    setenforce 0
//    chmod 777 /dev/socket
//    logd
//

static int drop_privs() {
    struct sched_param param;
    memset(&param, 0, sizeof(param));

    if (set_sched_policy(0, SP_BACKGROUND) < 0) {
        return -1;
    }

    if (sched_setscheduler((pid_t) 0, SCHED_BATCH, &param) < 0) {
        return -1;
    }

    if (prctl(PR_SET_KEEPCAPS, 1) < 0) {
        return -1;
    }

    if (setgid(AID_LOGD) != 0) {
        return -1;
    }

    if (setuid(AID_LOGD) != 0) {
        return -1;
    }

    struct __user_cap_header_struct capheader;
    struct __user_cap_data_struct capdata[2];
    memset(&capheader, 0, sizeof(capheader));
    memset(&capdata, 0, sizeof(capdata));
    capheader.version = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3;
    capheader.pid = 0;

    capdata[CAP_TO_INDEX(CAP_SYSLOG)].permitted = CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_SYSLOG);
    capdata[CAP_TO_INDEX(CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL)].permitted |= CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL);

    capdata[0].effective = capdata[0].permitted;
    capdata[1].effective = capdata[1].permitted;
    capdata[0].inheritable = 0;
    capdata[1].inheritable = 0;

    if (capset(&capheader, &capdata[0]) < 0) {
        return -1;
    }

    return 0;
}

// Property helper
static bool property_get_bool(const char *key, bool def) {
    char property[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    property_get(key, property, "");

    if (!strcasecmp(property, "true")) {
        return true;
    }
    if (!strcasecmp(property, "false")) {
        return false;
    }

    return def;
}

// Remove the static, and use this variable
// globally for debugging if necessary. eg:
//   write(fdDmesg, "I am here\n", 10);
static int fdDmesg = -1;

static sem_t reinit;
static bool reinit_running = false;
static LogBuffer *logBuf = NULL;

static void *reinit_thread_start(void * /*obj*/) {
    prctl(PR_SET_NAME, "logd.daemon");
    set_sched_policy(0, SP_BACKGROUND);

    setgid(AID_LOGD);
    setuid(AID_LOGD);

    while (reinit_running && !sem_wait(&reinit) && reinit_running) {
        if (fdDmesg >= 0) {
            static const char reinit_message[] = { KMSG_PRIORITY(LOG_INFO),
                'l', 'o', 'g', 'd', '.', 'd', 'a', 'e', 'm', 'o', 'n', ':',
                ' ', 'r', 'e', 'i', 'n', 'i', 't', '\n' };
            write(fdDmesg, reinit_message, sizeof(reinit_message));
        }

        // Anything that reads persist.<property>
        if (logBuf) {
            logBuf->init();
        }
    }

    return NULL;
}

// Serves as a global method to trigger reinitialization
// and as a function that can be provided to signal().
void reinit_signal_handler(int /*signal*/) {
    sem_post(&reinit);
}

// Foreground waits for exit of the main persistent threads
// that are started here. The threads are created to manage
// UNIX domain client sockets for writing, reading and
// controlling the user space logger, and for any additional
// logging plugins like auditd and restart control. Additional
// transitory per-client threads are created for each reader.
int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
    fdDmesg = open("/dev/kmsg", O_WRONLY);

    // issue reinit command. KISS argument parsing.
    if ((argc > 1) && argv[1] && !strcmp(argv[1], "--reinit")) {
        int sock = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(
            socket_local_client("logd",
                                ANDROID_SOCKET_NAMESPACE_RESERVED,
                                SOCK_STREAM));
        if (sock < 0) {
            return -errno;
        }
        static const char reinit[] = "reinit";
        ssize_t ret = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(write(sock, reinit, sizeof(reinit)));
        if (ret < 0) {
            return -errno;
        }
        struct pollfd p;
        memset(&p, 0, sizeof(p));
        p.fd = sock;
        p.events = POLLIN;
        ret = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(poll(&p, 1, 100));
        if (ret < 0) {
            return -errno;
        }
        if ((ret == 0) || !(p.revents & POLLIN)) {
            return -ETIME;
        }
        static const char success[] = "success";
        char buffer[sizeof(success) - 1];
        memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
        ret = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(read(sock, buffer, sizeof(buffer)));
        if (ret < 0) {
            return -errno;
        }
        return strncmp(buffer, success, sizeof(success) - 1) != 0;
    }

    // Reinit Thread
    sem_init(&reinit, 0, 0);
    pthread_attr_t attr;
    if (!pthread_attr_init(&attr)) {
        struct sched_param param;

        memset(&param, 0, sizeof(param));
        pthread_attr_setschedparam(&attr, &param);
        pthread_attr_setschedpolicy(&attr, SCHED_BATCH);
        if (!pthread_attr_setdetachstate(&attr,
                                         PTHREAD_CREATE_DETACHED)) {
            pthread_t thread;
            reinit_running = true;
            if (pthread_create(&thread, &attr, reinit_thread_start, NULL)) {
                reinit_running = false;
            }
        }
        pthread_attr_destroy(&attr);
    }

    if (drop_privs() != 0) {
        return -1;
    }

    // Serves the purpose of managing the last logs times read on a
    // socket connection, and as a reader lock on a range of log
    // entries.

    LastLogTimes *times = new LastLogTimes();

    // LogBuffer is the object which is responsible for holding all
    // log entries.

    logBuf = new LogBuffer(times);

    signal(SIGHUP, reinit_signal_handler);

    {
        char property[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
        property_get("ro.build.type", property, "");
        if (property_get_bool("logd.statistics",
                   !!strcmp(property, "user")
                && !property_get_bool("ro.config.low_ram", false))) {
            logBuf->enableStatistics();
        }
    }

    // LogReader listens on /dev/socket/logdr. When a client
    // connects, log entries in the LogBuffer are written to the client.

    LogReader *reader = new LogReader(logBuf);
    if (reader->startListener()) {
        exit(1);
    }

    // LogListener listens on /dev/socket/logdw for client
    // initiated log messages. New log entries are added to LogBuffer
    // and LogReader is notified to send updates to connected clients.

    LogListener *swl = new LogListener(logBuf, reader);
    // Backlog and /proc/sys/net/unix/max_dgram_qlen set to large value
    if (swl->startListener(300)) {
        exit(1);
    }

    // Command listener listens on /dev/socket/logd for incoming logd
    // administrative commands.

    CommandListener *cl = new CommandListener(logBuf, reader, swl);
    if (cl->startListener()) {
        exit(1);
    }

    // LogAudit listens on NETLINK_AUDIT socket for selinux
    // initiated log messages. New log entries are added to LogBuffer
    // and LogReader is notified to send updates to connected clients.

    bool auditd = property_get_bool("logd.auditd", true);

    if (auditd) {
        bool dmesg = property_get_bool("logd.auditd.dmesg", true);

        // failure is an option ... messages are in dmesg (required by standard)
        LogAudit *al = new LogAudit(logBuf, reader, dmesg ? fdDmesg : -1);

        int len = klogctl(KLOG_SIZE_BUFFER, NULL, 0);
        if (len > 0) {
            len++;
            char buf[len];

            int rc = klogctl(KLOG_READ_ALL, buf, len);

            buf[len - 1] = '\0';

            for(char *ptr, *tok = buf;
                    (rc >= 0) && ((tok = strtok_r(tok, "\r\n", &ptr)));
                    tok = NULL) {
                rc = al->log(tok);
            }
        }

        if (al->startListener()) {
            delete al;
        }
    }

    TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(pause());

    exit(0);
}